ELEMENTS OF ART

  • Line

path of movement

active – passive

bold – delicate

flowing – light

straight – curved

thick – thin

dark – light

broken – continuous

geometric – organic

implied – actual

precise – irregular

contour – outline

calligraphy

caricature

  • Shape/Form

2D-3D

solid – void

concave – convex

positive – negative

figure – ground

ambiguous – complete

organic –  geometric – free-form

circle – sphere

square – cube

triangle – pyramid-cone

  • Space

2D-3D

positive – negative

open – closed

filled – empty

actual – implied

interior – exterior

scale

orientation

spacing

illusion of space

systems of perspective

  • Light/Color/Value

Visible color spectrum

Color wheel

value

            shading

contrast

chiaroscuro

tint

shade

hue

            pigment

primary

secondary

intermediate

neutral

color interactions

simultaneous contrast

color schemes

            warm

cool

neutral

monochromatic

analogous

complementary

split complementary

triad 

intensity

            bright – dull

high key – low key

local

optical (or atmospheric)

symbolic

  • Texture

actual (tactual) – visual

simulated – invented

matte – semi-gloss – glossy

techniques

impasto

rubbings

frottage

grottage

decalcomania

tromp l’oeil

DESCRIPTIVE WORDS

  • Line

blurred

broken

broken

controlled

curved

diagonal

freehand

fuzzy

horizontal

interrupted

meandering

ruled

short

straight

thick

thin

vertical

wide

  • Texture

actual

bumpy

corrugated

flat

furry

gooey

leathery

prickly

rough

sandy

shiny

simulated

smooth

soft

sticky

tacky

velvety

wet

  • Colours

brash

bright

calm

clear

cool

dull

exciting

garish

greyed

multicoloured

muted

pale

polychrome

primary

saccharine

secondary

subdued

sweet

war

  • Shape/Form

amorphous

biomorphic

closed

distorted

flat

free-form

full of spaces

geometric

heavy

light

linear

massive

nebulous

open

organic

  • Value

dark

light

medium

  • Space

ambiguous

deep

flat

negative/positive

open

shallow

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